The Australia Group

Fighting the spread of chemical and biological weapons. Strengthening global security.

List of Plant Pathogens for Export Control

June 2012

Core List

Bacteria

  1. Xanthomonas albilineans
  2. Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri A) [Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri]
  3. Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Pseudomonas campestris pv. oryzae)
  4. Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Corynebacterium michiganensis subsp. sepedonicum or Corynebacterium sepedonicum)
  5. Ralstonia solanacearum, race 3, biovar 2

Fungi

  1. Colletotrichum kahawae (Colletotrichum coffeanum var. virulans)
  2. Cochliobolus miyabeanus (Helminthosporium oryzae)
  3. Microcyclus ulei (syn. Dothidella ulei)
  4. Puccinia graminis ssp. graminis var. graminis / Puccinia graminis ssp. graminis var. stakmanii (Puccinia graminis [syn. Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici])
  5. Puccinia striiformis (syn. Puccinia glumarum)
  6. Magnaporthe oryzae (Pyricularia oryzae)
  7. Peronosclerospora philippinensis (Peronosclerospora sacchari)
  8. Sclerophthora rayssiae var. zeae
  9. Synchytrium endobioticum
  10. Tilletia indica
  11. Thecaphora solani

Viruses

  1. Andean potato latent virus (Potato Andean latent tymovirus)
  2. Potato spindle tuber viroid

Genetic Elements and Genetically-modified Organisms:

  1. Genetic elements that contain nucleic acid sequences associated with the pathogenicity of any of the microorganisms in the Core List.
  2. Genetically-modified organisms that contain nucleic acid sequences associated with the pathogenicity of any of the microorganisms in the Core List.

Technical note: Genetically-modified organisms includes organisms in which the genetic material (nucleic acid sequences) has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or natural recombination, and encompasses those produced artificially in whole or in part.

Genetic elements include inter alia chromosomes, genomes, plasmids, transposons, and vectors whether genetically modified or unmodified, or chemically synthesized in whole or in part.

Nucleic acid sequences associated with the pathogenicity of any of the micro-organisms in the list means any sequence specific to the relevant listed micro-organism:

Items for Inclusion in Awareness-raising Guidelines

Bacteria

  1. Xylella fastidiosa

Fungi

  1. Phoma tracheiphila (Deuterophoma tracheiphila)
  2. Moniliophthora roreri (Monilia roreri)

Viruses

  1. Banana bunchy top virus

Genetic Elements and Genetically-modified Organisms:

  1. Genetic elements that contain nucleic acid sequences associated with the pathogenicity of any of the microorganisms in the Awareness-raising Guidelines.
  2. Genetically-modified organisms that contain nucleic acid sequences associated with the pathogenicity of any of the microorganisms in the Awareness-raising Guidelines.

Technical note: Genetically-modified organisms includes organisms in which the genetic material (nucleic acid sequences) has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or natural recombination, and encompasses those produced artificially in whole or in part.

Genetic elements include inter alia chromosomes, genomes, plasmids, transposons, and vectors whether genetically modified or unmodified, or chemically synthesized in whole or in part.

Nucleic acid sequences associated with the pathogenicity of any of the micro-organisms in the list means any sequence specific to the relevant listed micro-organism: